Category Archives: Former issues

No. 99 | (Autumn 2013)

Four excellent articles address the theoretical and historical problems of social transformation in this issue of Eszmélet. Based on the links between the material and spiritual modes of production, István Mészáros describes the conditions and limits of "free spiritual production", showing that without transforming the whole system there is no way to the realm of freedom. Starting out on the lessons from 1968, Alexander Tasasov presents the historically determined way of transforming the system revolutionary by overcoming its limits. A still forceful article of Noble prize winning writer Gabriel García Márquez from 1974 analyses the historical roots and lessons of the fall of Allende and the excellent cultural sociologist Jim McGuigan reconstructs the leading ideas governing capitalism.

The second analytical block of this issue is focusing on the links between churches and nationalism – from a historical point of view. The articles differing in their genre are approaching the role of the institution and ideology from the question of maintaining the power of the rulers; ranging from the development of ideas rooted in the movement of Hungarian populist writers, through the connections between Catholicism and anti-Semitism, the theology of liberation to Pope Francis getting on the scene.

 

Table of contents
  1. Szarka Klára, Mitrovits Miklós, Krausz Tamás : Neo-Horthysm and the ‘Second Edition of Capilalism’
  2. Mészáros István : Historical Conditions and Limits of “Free Spiritual Production”
  3. Alekszandr Nyikolajevics Taraszov : 1968 in the Light of our Experiences
  4. Gabriel García Márquez : Why Allende Had to Die? Sedition in Santiago
  5. Bimbó Mihály : About the Movement of “Populist Writers”
  6. Barta Tamás : Divergent Middle Ways: Theoretical Categorisation of the Populist Movement
  7. Florian Musil : Anti-Francoist Social Movements in Barcelona: Social and Political Victims Become the Founders of a New Democratic Civil Society under Dictatorial Rule
  8. Jakab Attila : Light and Shadows: Catholic Church Leaders, Anti-Semitism and Holocaust during the Horthy Era (1920-1944)
  9. François Houtart : Vatican’s Campaign against the Liberation Theology: Fear of Marxist Contamination
  10. Patrick Michel, Jesús García-Ruiz : Neo-Pentecostalism in Latin America: Contribution to a Political Anthropology of Globalisation
  11. Jakab Attila : Pope Francis: Changes in the Vatican?
  12. Jim McGuigan : The Spirits of Capitalism
  13. Bózsó Péter : NOT Simple
  14. Tütő László : Whites in Africa
  15. Szarka Klára : Photographer on the Street: under the Pretext of the Pictures by Vilmos Skuta

The Spirits of Capitalism

In this chapter from his famous book Cool Capitalism, the author gives an overview of the main theories about the origins and spirit of capitalism. From Weber to Schumpeter, through Daniel Bell and representatives of the theory of managerial capitalism or even in the recent popular books by Boltanski and Jeremy Rifkin we can notice a standard overstatement of social and cultural changes that assets that capitalism has changed in its nature. Examining the emergence and fading of these popular theories, the author warns the reader to be cautious.