Anti-Francoist Social Movements in Barcelona: Social and Political Victims Become the Founders of a New Democratic Civil Society under Dictatorial Rule

In historians' circles it is common to describe the democratic transformation in Spain as the merit of the Francoist elite. In fact, the political transition was preceded by nearly two decade long movements developed from below and it was forced by the radical democratization of the masses and their growing protests against authoritarianism. The emerging movements identified themselves as victims of the Franco regime that created the bond between them and provided the necessary solidarity and moral superiority during the fight against the regime.