The study warns that the Gulf war can be the overture to a "new barbarism". The main danger of that war lies in the fact that it loosens the almost existing concensus concerning the rejection of war solutions. We live under unprecedented conditions from the point of view that today the crisis of capitalism coincides with the theoretical-practical crisis of anti-capitalism. The Gulf war can also exemplify that fear itself can promote drifting to war. A factor increasing the dangers is that once again it has been proved that by nature, capitalism is unable to exclude war solutions.