The “Liberation Theology” of Varlam Shalamov

The theoretical roots of the oeuvre of Shalamov go back to the some kind of "liberation theology" of the renewal movement in the Orthodox Church developed after 1917 under the leadership of Metropolitan Vvedensky, which movement was ardently supported by his father Tikhon Sahalamov. The "Living Church" movement accepted the moral justice of the October Revolution, which it would like to actively introduce in actual life by the church. According to its adherents "communism is identical to the Gospel but was written in atheistic letters". In the 1930s the Stalinist State, after its Thermidorian turn, rather collaborated with the black-hundredist clergymen, which accepted its dictatorship.