Inspired by the millions of fans of the Harry Potter books, the author addresses an important social question of our mediatised word how texts produced by fans, that can be created and shared on the net freely, influence the consciousness of people? Some authors believe that these texts are promoting a new, democratic and global political participation. According to Gupta, this freedom is only virtual: fans do not question the existing order that produce profits only for the selected ones, while allow for "free" participation of the masses. Thus despite the creativeness of the texts no real exit points of the system offered by them.
Suman Gupta: Re-reading Harry Potter. Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, Chapter 24.