Constructing the Political. The Problem of Political by Carl Schmitt, Marx, Weber and the Neo-Marxists

During the rivalry between the advancing conservatism and the liberal approach, solutions offered by neo-Marxist social thought have the value of novelty. The regulated rivalry of forces in a standard form, within the frame of the rule of law, cannot be replaced by the exception of extraordinary circumstances or by the antagonistic contradictions of civil war situations or revolutionary conditions. The author describes the dynamic creation of the political as a dualism of political power and social-economical class rule. Reaching this end, he moves the focus from the static inner complexity of the world of phenomena to dynamics of constructing the political, where two directions are distinguished in the dialectic determination: an upstream (I) and a downstream (II).