No. 25 | (Spring 1995)

In this issue of Eszmélet, we have asked prominent historians to tell their opinion why state socialism had developed. Of course a debate has emerged whether this term can be used at all to describe the social system of the so-called "forty years". This period – over which we have better and better historic overview – is characterised from different angles by articles on the Cold War, the history literature of the "seventy years", the special status of women labour and on the collapse of the system. We return to a question posed in the 20th issue: what is the historical path of social democracy and what alternatives it offers nowadays?
Table of contents
  1. Jemnitz János, Balogh Sándor, Niederhauser Emil, Berend T. Iván, Krausz Tamás, Romsics Ignác, Hanák Péter, Borhi László, Pach Zsigmond Pál, Kende Tamás, Szokolay Katalin, Z. Karvalics László, Tőkéczki László, Harsányi Iván : Why did state socialism emerge?
  2. Paul M. Sweezy : Socialism: legacy and renewal
  3. Monthly Review
  4. Ernest Mandel : Uneven development
  5. Tom Bottomore : Progress
  6. Szabolcs Ottó : History textbooks on the 1918-1919 revolutions in Hungary (1920-1984)
  7. Görög Tibor : Alexandr Zinoviev
  8. Alekszandr Zinovjev : From communism to colonial democracy
  9. Gervai Pál : From the cold war to the “end of history” – About the bipolar world and the future of socialism
  10. Krausz Tamás : Left-wing turn in Eastern Europe – Why and what kind of?
  11. Susan Zimmermann : Searching for free labour
  12. Havas Péter : Socialdemocracy is here to stay